While the fathers of the church had cautioned against the seductive power of the feminine sex in the fourth century, it was in the early Renaissance that the literary and visual theme of women who channel their sexuality into action spread across Europe. Beginning with Phyllis and growing to encompass such protagonists as Delilah, Judith, Salome and Bathsheba, the “power of women” theme served as a fascinating platform for the expression of female empowerment and male folly. The advent of the Protestant Reformation in the early sixteenth century added new dimensions to the theme’s momentum, incorporating such imagery as Adam and Eve, forceful housewives dominating their husbands, and sinister witches. All manifestations of the theme, however, originate from the idea that female sexuality is fundamentally dangerous.
This exhibition expands upon the traditional imagery of this theme to consider how female fortitude was visualized in early modern Europe. It considers the virtues, imperfections and desires of these biblical and mythological characters within the framework of social norms of the period. It interrogates the historic conventions of female agency and prompts us to measure them against our own.
Featured artists include Antonio Bellucci, Hendrick ter Brugghen, Salomon de Bray, Antonio Carneo, Albrecht Dürer, Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Barent Fabritius, Ciro Ferri, Aert de Gelder, Lucas van Leyden, Jan Lievensz, Pieter van Mol, Jacques Ignace de Roore and Alessandro Turchi.
The Agnes gratefully acknowledges the support of the George Taylor Richardson Memorial Fund, Queen’s University, in the production of this exhibition.
Book Club: Oscar Wilde’s “Salome”
Thursday 1 February, 7 pm
Thursday 22 February, 12:15–1 pm
Screening and Panel Discussion of a woman like that (2010)
Wednesday 7 March, 6 pm
Jacques Ignace de Roore, Susanna and the Elders, about 1735, oil on panel. Gift of Alfred and Isabel Bader, 1985 (28-272)
Aert de Gelder, Judah and Tamar, 1681, oil on canvas. Gift of Alfred and Isabel Bader, 2001 (44-009)
Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, The Fall of Man, 1646, oil on panel. Gift of Alfred and Isabel Bader, 2013 (56-003.14)
Ciro Ferri, Joseph Turning Away from Potiphar’s Wife, around 1675, oil on canvas. Gift of Dr and Mrs Alfred Bader, 1973 (16-031)
Salomon de Bray, Hagar Brought to Abraham by Sarah, 1650, oil on panel. Gift of Alfred and Isabel Bader, 2010 (53-038)
Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Solomon’s Idolatry, around 1665, oil on canvas. Gift of Alfred and Isabel Bader, 2013 (56-003.15)