Further Reading
Beauty in Hand: The Art of the Hand Fan

Further Reading

Further Reading

Selected Scholarly Publications

 Journal Articles

 Davies, Hugh. “Fanology: Hand-Fans in the Prehistory of Mobile Devices,” Mobile Media and Communication 7, no. 3 (2019): 303–321.

 Nunn, Pamela Gerrish. “Fine Art and the Fan 1860–1930,” Journal of Design History 7, no. 3 (2004): 251–266; George Woolliscroft Rhead, History of the Fan (London, UK: Kegan Paul, Trench, Truber & Co, 1910).


Alexander, Helene. Fans (Princes Risborough: Shire Publications Ltd, 1988).

 Chalus, Elaine. “Fanning the Flames: Women, Fashion and Politics,” in Women, Popular Culture and the Eighteenth Century (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012), 92–112.

 Qian, Gonglin. Chinese Fans: Artistry and Aesthetics, Arts of China Series, Vol. 2 (San Francisco: Long River Press, 2004).

 Rhead, George Woolliscroft. History of the Fan (London, UK: Kegan Paul, Trench, Truber & Co, 1910).

 Sofer, Andrew. The Stage Life of Props (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003).


Selected Websites and Articles

 “Fans: A Link Between Cultures: Pacific Island and Asian Trade, Tortoiseshell and Sandalwood,” Whaling Museumhttps://www.whalingmuseum.org/online_exhibits/fans/tortoiseshell.html.

 “History of Fans: Explore 3,000 Years of Fan-Making History” (The Fan Museum: Greenwich, London),  https://www.thefanmuseum.org.uk/fan-history, accessed 12 May 2020.

 Lodi, Hafsa. “Tracing the Evolution of Hand-Held Fans,” The National, 30 October 2017, https://www.thenational.ae/lifestyle/luxury/tracing-the-evolution-of-hand-held-fans-1.671494.

 Luckel, Madeleine. “Why it’s Time to Revisit the Handheld Fan – And its Secret Language,” Vogue Magazine, 24 April 2018, https://www.vogue.com/article/secret-language-of-the-fan-eighteenth-century-fans-de-young-museum.

Image Credits